Yoga as a phenomenon and a trend gained popularity in the early 20th century, when its positive effects on the state of the human organism, in terms of both physical and emotional/psychosocial health, were practically and theoretically determined. Modern medicine today mentions in all studies that natural and alternative treatments in a huge percentage of cases can have very noticeable effects, both respecting the prevention and the treatment of various diseases. Medical yoga is extremely appreciated in this context among doctors, especially as it helps to develop a positive state in the individual not only by treating the disease but also by eliminating psycho-emotional blockages that are often the main causes of a disease.
Yoga acts positively through a return of hormonal coupling, as in contrast to other forms of physical activity, the rhythmic breathing induced by yoga during exercise stimulates a stable and balanced relationship between the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system and the release of prolactin and hormone oxytocin (via GABA neurotransmitter). These reactions reduce the circulation of cortisol levels and have been shown to reduce the manifestation of stress in the body. During 2013, research was carried out among various patients with cardiovascular problems, carcinomas, diabetes or respiratory diseases, and data were obtained to demonstrate that in 100% of clinical cases using yoga as therapy, the level of cortisol significantly decreased relative to patients receiving only medical therapies, without practicing yoga exercises. A similar study was repeated in the period 2014-2016 to observe specifically certain categories of patients (children, women, elderly people) and the same results were obtained, which confirms the success of yoga as a therapy, and also as a means of eliminating stress – one of the main causes of many diseases in the modern age.